I have a 45 gal. We have various types of cichlid fishes available for sale. The Gold Severum is a carnivore and will eat most prepared and frozen foods, including freeze-dried bloodworms, tubifex, and ocean plankton, as well as flake food and Cichlid pellets. Convict Cichlid. Gender : May have to wait until they are mature and the males will have more spots on the face and gills. Can be relatively peaceful but can still be a Cichlid. All Severum Cichlids Heros severus are easily recognized and popular with both beginner and advanced aquarists. They are known by the scientific name Heros severus and also by the name Cichlasoma severum. For the Gold Severum, Heros severus (Haeckel, 1840), it could not be farther from the truth. The tank water can either be fresh or brackish and the… Just with every other species of the Cichlid genus, the Severum Cichlids, the back parts of the dorsal, anal, pelvic and pectoral fins have spiny rays to help wade off predators. Breeding : Can become quite aggressive during spawning. If you particularly ask what is the best food for Banded Cichlids, we recommend the: Hikari Cichlid Gold Floating Pellets Large. … Tank compatibility A reasonably peaceful large Cichlid, can be kept a little like Discus by way of temperament. When they are ready for breeding, the male will darken and intensify its color. Hello folks and welcome to the Codex! Setting up the ideal aquarium for the Golden and Red Spotted Severum should be done to mimic the comfort of their wild counterparts in their natural habitat. The temperature should range from 73-77°F. Diet: Omnivorous, Accepts all live, flake and frozen. However, a 100-gallon tank is required for a breeding pair or community tank. These are very beautiful, lovely, personable and quite durable fishes. They are also found in the Amazon river basins and the upper Negro river. They should also be fed with vegetables. They can also be fed frozen foods such as the frozen brine shrimp and frozen bloodworms. When you purchase pet fish from us, you know you're receiving premium quality fish and premium quality service. Water Parameters: Domestic Severums do best in waters with these parameters based on my experience (these were a very popular fish among my clients): A temperature of 74 - 84° F (24 - 29° C). Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. What is the best food for Banded Cichlids? The Banded Cichlid is a member of the Cichlids genus originating from the South American rivers including the Orinoco river basins and the upper Negro river basin. This would require a well-filtered and moderate moving 50 gallon tank having a slightly acidic pH level of 6.0-6.5, water hardness ranging from 4-6 dGH and a temperature of 23.3-28.9˚C, so getting a heater is something you should definitely consider. They are known to be one of the most friendliest fish within the cichlid … Should not be kept with bite-sized tank mates, nor with very aggressive or territorial fish as this Severum can be shy. Also a chunk of wood would provide a good spot for spawning. Plants such as the Anacharis, Anubias, Cabomba, and Hornwort will create a natural home feel for the Golden and Red Spotted Severum. Depending on their coloration and body patterns, there are different types of species belonging to this family, but this description refers to the two most common types: The Golden Severum (Heros severus) and The Red Spotted Severum (Heros efasciatus) with more interest on the beautifully colored Red Spotted Severum. Compatibility: recommended tank mates include Firemouth Cichlids, Eartheaters, Electric Blue Jack Dempseys, Plecostomus Catfish, Pictus Catfish,... Severums, like most fish, will eat smaller fish that fit into their mouths. For this, driftwood, rocks, and caves will do since they mimic natural division in territories. They possess soft front fins which aids them for effortless swimming and accurate positioning in the water. Also little, peaceful and slow moving species, should also be avoided as the Golden and Red Spotted Severum can prey on these little ones. They exhibit sexual dimorphism with the female having dark specks on the dorsal fins and are void of pattering on their head. These fishes add attractive and eye catchy colors to the fresh water aquarium. Severum Cichlids. Key To Species Profile Terms Pronunciation: Refer to our Pronunciation Key for an explanation of the phonetic symbols. Instead of a large feed once a day, they can be fed small quantities several times a day with just enough they could finish in 3-5 minutes. The Golden Severum has a pale yellowish gold color with a yellow anal, pelvic and pectoral fins. Yes, they might be tempted to snack on a small neon tetra or the like, but Gold Severums are a peaceful fish, even though they are somewhat on the large side. In general they have a moderate care level, and with proper care and adequate tank conditions the Banded Cichlids can live up to 10 years. ► Maintain suitable water temperature, and change the water weekly or bi-weekly. Temperament and Tank Mates: Green severum cichlids are quite aggressive in temperament, especially when spawning. Water Parameters : pH 6 - 8 | dH range: 5 - 25 | Temperature : 75°F - 85°F (24°C - 29°C), Origin / Habitat : South America, Amazon River basin and its tributaries (ref: fishbase), Temperament / Behavior : May eat smaller fish as it grows and can become aggressive with other fish (it is a cichlid). Banded cichlids are difficult to sex but the male usually has a slightly higher coloration. Their common names include the Banded Cichlid, Hero Cichlid and the Severum. They are a peaceful fish that will do well in a community tank setting. They are social species and can be kept in schools of 4-6. These processed foods should be of high quality and vitamins enriched too. corner tank that previously housed African Cichlids. However, the Red Spotted Severum may feed on the first batch of the egg they lay. Care Level : Easy to keep and will adjust to a relatively wide range of water parameters. The female will move the eggs onto the cleaned rock surface or the hole they dug. The water should be changed weekly replacing up to 20% of the water at each interval. Aquariumcodex promotes affiliate links and may earn a commission at no extra costs for you, should you make a purchase through our links. They also possess one nostril on each side. Learn more. Depending on their coloration and body patterns, there are different types of species belonging to this family, but this description refers to the two most common types: The Golden Severum (Heros severus) and The Red Spotted Severum (Heros efasciatus) with more interest on the beautifully colored Red Spotted Severum. Habitat: This is the primary location where the cichlid is found and is a generalization. Severum Cichlid Aquarium Care Severum Cichlids are some what semi-aggressive & again it depends on the personality of the fish. The Red Shoulder Severum ( Heros cf. As omnivores, in the wild, they feed on plants, algae and smaller live prey. The convict cichlids are universally agreed upon to be the easiest to keep cichlids. Updated August 6, 2019Author: Mike - FishLore AdminSocial Media: The Hero Severum (Heros efasciatus) is known as the common severum - the fish pictured is actually a wild collected Heros notatus. Red Spotted Severum (Heros appendiculatus/Heros efasciatus). (After come careful acclimation of 2 tanks, I combined my Severums with the Africans and … Blood parrots should not be confused with other parrot cichlids or salt water parrotfish (family Scaridae). The South American Cichlids are very hardy and easy to care. They are found in moderate moving water with a slight acidic pH level of 6.0-6.5, water hardness ranging from 4-6 dGH and a temperature of 23.3-28.9˚C. However, due to the fact that the Golden and Red Spotted Severum are captive breeds they are not found in the wild, but would exhibit similar characteristics as their wild counterparts. The Banded Cichlids are lovely species with great personalities and exhibit colors and patterns to lighten up the tank and bring decor to the room. A cichlid pellet food (cichlid sticks) can form the primary portion of its diet. They owe their name ‘Banded Cichlids’ to these peculiar body bands. H. efasciatus gets to about 12 inches (31 cm) and needs at least a 55 gallon aquarium or larger. Severum Cichlid Care ► If proper care is taken and appropriate water conditions are maintained, these fish can grow up to 10 – 12 inches in size and live up to 10 years. Privacy Policy | SiteMap | Aquarium Dictionary | Affiliate Disclosure | Contact Us. After more years than I care to acknowledge, I'm finally going to set up a saltwater tank. Also known as Zebra Cichlids, the Convict Cichlid is a species of fish that is incredibly popular in the fish keeping hobby due to their low care requirements, and their beautiful coloring. Additionally, provide fine sand or smooth gravel substrate. Their diets can also be supplemented with high quality and vitamin enriched flaked food and pellets. See more ideas about cichlids… The parents have strong parental instincts and will both tend to their eggs until they hatch and are free swimming. However, the Golden and Red Spotted Severum are best kept in a singular tank, or most suitably with pairs of the same kind. Min Tank Size: Nothing smaller than a 75 gallon. Diet / Foods : Food items in wild fish include plants, benthic algae, insects and other fish. Severum Alternative Name(s): Banded Cichlid Scientific Name(s): Heros efasciatus Category: Cichlid Difficulty: Maximum Size: 25cms Minimum Tank Volume: 210 litres Minimum Tank Size: 48" x 15" x 18" Water Temperature Range: 22-29°C Water pH Range: 5.5-7.0 Water Hardness Range: 1-8 dGH Banded Cichlids are omnivores, and can be fed with small live and frozen foods. What is the maximum size of Banded Cichlids? Severum Cichlids are South American Cichlids from the northern Amazon region of Brazil. Size is roughly around 3 inches. The Severum is a carnivore and will eat most prepared and frozen foods, including freeze-dried bloodworms, tubifex, and ocean plankton, as well as flake food and Cichlid pellets. The driftwood also helps to lower the pH level and create the ‘tea-stained’ color of their natural habitat – the South American rivers. The Banded Cichlids are native to the South American river basins such as the Orinoco river basins including drainages in Colombia and Venezuela. Unsuitable tankmates for these species include, Shrimps, Snails, Sharks, Tiger Barbs. The Uaru Cichlid is best known for its unique triangle shape, incredible intelligence and impressive spawning colors! Breeding Banded cichlids are moderately hard to breed, but if successful they will form a strong pairing and there eggs will be laid on a flat surface such as the tank glass or slate. The parents continue protecting the fry for up to 6 weeks, after which they can be moved to a separate tank for nursing until they are mature enough to explore other aquarium worlds. Very beautiful fish to add to your aquarium! They also have a craving for vegetables and processed foods. Since, the demand for Convict Cichlids are less in the hobby, you need to decide if you want to raise them or not. Aquarium Care How to successfully keep Red Spotted Severum in the home aquarium. After this is done, the breeding mates should be separated as the male may become overly aggressive towards other males in a bid to protect and defend their territory. They are known to be one of the most friendliest fish within the cichlid … To mimic the dense vegetation area of their natural habitat, the tank can be decorated with both live and plastic plants. In the wild they would primarily feed on live foods including small prey. The Gold Severum is a highly popular and relatively peaceful New World cichlid species whose coloration makes it a standout in almost any aquarium! The tail and dorsal fins are whitish with yellow spots. Green Severum require an aquarium of 55 gallons for a pair and the aquarium should be larger (75-90 gallons) if multiple tank mates are added. They are a captive breed of the Gold Severum precisely to increase the red color of the fish. Golden and Red Spotted Severum are omnivores and would feed on a variety of diets including meaty food and vegetables. This will help keep the water clean and also discourage fungus and algae growth. The Gold Severum ( Heros cf. This does not mean a fish cannot be found in other habitats. Add a few plants as well as rocks, but leave adequate space for the fish to enjoy. They tend to prefer vegetables to most of their meaty foods. Sand substrate makes up their natural habitat, and they thrive well in areas with dense vegetations. They will do best in a cichlid community tank. Severums will not do well in an aquarium with very aggressive fish like … Red Spotted Severums require an aquarium of 55 gallons for a single specimen, with a pair requiring 75-90 gallons. The minimum tank size required for these fish is a 50-gallon tank – single fish. The fry can be fed with baby brine shrimp, crushed flake or pellet foods, micro worms and daphnia. Their best tank mate are fish such as the Red Head Tapajo or other Severum. … Lots of rocks and sunken driftwoods can be used to provide caves and alleyways which allow for hiding places, a hunting spot for prey, a breeding spot and also help them to create territorial boundaries. The original Severum Cichlid has a greenish body with a yellowish gold belly. They have eight dark vertical bands along their sides which fades as they continue to age. For efficient breeding, a breeding tank should be set up with slightly acidic water pH of 6.0-6.5, hardness of 4-6 dH and a temperature of 26-28˚C subject to frequent water changing. Feel free to get in touch using the Contact page! efasciatus , formerly H. severus ) is a very popular mid-sized cichlid that has been … The Uaru Cichlid Uaru amphiacanthoides presents one of the most unique body shapes and coloring in cichlid family. They are egg guarders and really need their own tank for breeding. However, to produce many color varieties, they have been bred in tank captivity producing the brown, green, gold and turquoise severum. Severum are found in calm, deeper, slower moving rivers and tributaries, as well as tannin stained floodplain lakes, usually around submerged branches and tree roots. They are semi-aggressive and territorial too, so they are most suitably housed in a singular tank or with other social species but with a large enough tank and lots of rock and caves to provide territorial boundaries. Due to some similar features, they are often confused with several other species belonging to the Cichlids family. The breeding process can be encouraged with the right water condition and feeding them adequately. They also have a craving appetite for flakes, pellets, tablets and other processed food and feeding them with these will certainly make the day for these lovely species. The female will tend to the eggs while the male keeps an eye on the perimeter to defend it from intruders. As an Amazon Associate, we earn from qualifying purchases. A fine sand substrate would be perfect. Severum: Size: Up to 8 inches (20cm) Habitat: South America: Orinoco River basin, in the upper Orinoco River drainage in Colombia and Venezuela; Amazon River basin, in the upper Negro River basin. As social species, they can be kept with other species, but this will require a larger tank of 100 gallon or more. Green Severum. Suitable tankmates include Angelfish, Plecos, Horseface Loaches, Brown Hoplos, Ropefish, Barbs, Pearl Cichlids, Flag Cichlids, and similar sized Gouramis. Often confused with Heros severus, (previously known as Cichlasoma severum) Severum are a favorite South American cichlid kept by many tropical fish keeping enthusiasts. Large and aggressive species should be greatly avoided as they would make the tank uncomfortable for the Golden and Red Spotted Severum. Severum Cichlid Breeding Convict Cichlids ... Convict Cichlid Fry Care. The Red Shoulder Severum is arguably the most popular severum cichlid due to its incredible adult coloration! The Gold or Golden Severum and Red Spotted Severum are both a variety of the captive breed of the Severum Cichlids. They also tend to grow larger than other severum breeds and are more attractive too. After the eggs hatch, the parents will take them up in their mouth until they are free swimming and mature enough to hunt for food. With time they will naturally pair up and select breeding mates. Common Names : Severum, Common Severum, Hero Cichlid. Hailing from Guyana and the Northern Amazon basin, Severum (Heros severus) have a similar body shape to the Discus, but do not grow as large (7” max). efasciatus , formerly H. severus ), also known as the Rotkeil or Red Neck Severum, is a very popular mid-sized cichlid that has been kept and bred in the aquarium hobby for many years. However, the Red Spotted Severum are primarily a color variant of the Golden Severum. They are suitable with other Cichlid species and with other species having the same semi-aggressive temperaments. The male has a ponted anal and dorsal fins and can even develop a nuchal hump if they are properly fed. With proper care and right tank condition, Banded Cichlids can live up to 10 years. Just like the Discus fish, the Severum Cichlid has a high body, laterally compressed with pointed anal and dorsal fins. The male and female will then clean a rock top or dig into the substrate to prepare a place for their eggs. Size is roughly around 3-4 inches. Very beautiful fish to add to your aquarium! Every leftover should be removed as soon as they are done eating. If you decide you do not want to raise them, I do understand the reason; with 200 fry every month or 2, it gets difficult to keep or provide them a place. The Golden Severum is one of a slew of varieties derived from the common and popular Severum Cichlid. Tetras – Neon Tetra (Paracheirodon innesi), Dwarf Angelfish – Golden Angelfish (Centropyge aurantia). Our fish and our customers are treated with the best of care, and we work energetically everyday to make sure every customer enjoys their new fishy friends. The Banded Cichlid is a tropical freshwater species belonging to the Cichlid family and originating from the upper Orinoco and upper Rio Negro basins in South America. Nov 4, 2020 - Uaru cichlid species. The blood parrot cichlid (or more commonly and formally known as parrot cichlid; no binomial nomenclature) is a hybrid thought to be between the midas and the redhead cichlid, although the true parent species has not been confirmed by breeders.The fish was first bred in Taiwan around 1986. The Red Shoulder Severum is native to the Amazon Basin in South America. They possess bright orange-red color on their bellies, anal and pelvic fins with an intense and bright red eyes. Moreover, they can also be territorial, so they will require enough space to form and maintain their territory. They are also not as picky as their cousins, tolerating wider temperature ranges (74-84°F). Depending on their coloration and body patterns, there are many varieties, the most popular ones being the Golden and Red Spotted Severum which are a variety of a captive breed. The male and female should be properly fed to induce breeding. Andrew here, in the fishkeeping hobby for more than 20 years! Depending on the age and size, the female will lay up 1000 eggs and the male will fertilize them. Red Shoulder Severum (Cichlasoma severum, Heros Rotkeil). : Refer to our Pronunciation key for an explanation of the fish our links food. Fish can not be confused with several other species having the same semi-aggressive temperaments frozen brine shrimp, flake! 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