In phlebotomy, the device uses microhematocrit tubes that will separate liquid from suspended particles or liquids that have different densities. (2013, June 02). Copyright © 2003 - 2021 - is a trading name of All Answers Ltd, a company registered in England and Wales. Our courses are designed to provide students with the skills and knowledge necessary to work in a variety of medical settings including: Hospitals, Clinical Laboratories, Clinics, Physician’s Offices, Blood Banks and much more. Our nursing and healthcare experts are ready and waiting to assist with any writing project you may have, from simple essay plans, through to full nursing dissertations. It is crucial to draw a lavender tube after all the previous colors have been drawn. Additives in the tubes are essential for the type of test for which the blood is collected. This comes back to patient safety, because the patient may get an improper diagnosis or treatment that can harm them. A piece of gauze or a cotton ball will be placed over the injection site and a slight bit of pressure applied to prevent excessive bleeding and to encourage clotting. It's a lot like donating blood. Labels may be computer-generated and printed or blank for hand-written labeling. var prevIframeHeight =; Company Registration No: 4964706. Phlebotomists use the smallest needle possible for patient comfort and for an easier blood draw. When the phlebotomist inserts a needle in the tube the vacuum pulls the blood from the vein into the tube. Snug-fitting gloves ensure ease handling phlebotomy materials. Reference this. At the end of the venipuncture procedure, the phlebotomist will remove the needle from the blood draw site and check for bleeding. Over or under filling a tube can cause errors in the test results because of the improper ratio between blood and additive. The phlebotomist and the patient must not touch the site after it is cleaned or the phlebotomist will have to repeat the procedure before the needle is inserted. var iframe = document.getElementById("zf_div_oMRuuD0tGFT2MVzwv62k1Pdl-XLt12R07M1uraHGfyA").getElementsByTagName("iframe")[0]; Phlebotomy is more than the skill of drawing blood or acquiring different specimens. THE MOST COMMONLY USED EQUIPMENT IN PHLEBOTOMY. Each tube will vary slightly on the amount of inversion needed to mix the sample. The Tennessee College of Applied Technology does not discriminate on the basis of race, color, religion, creed, ethnic or national origin, sex, disability, age status as a protected veteran or any other class protected by Federal or State laws and regulations and by Tennessee Board of Regents policies with respect to employment, programs, and activities. Labels should include the patient’s name, date, and other identifying information. Barcode Specimen Collection with MobiLab ® Since 2004, MobiLab has helped more than 200 hospitals and health systems eliminate patient identification and specimen labeling errors, improve turnaround times, and increase efficiencies during the specimen collection process. A phlebotomist needs to be well trained in their scope of practice and be well educated in all aspects of phlebotomy. After insertion in the vein, the needle will be held still by the phlebotomist while the collection tubes are switched in and out in the tube holder. In some cases, a few months of training is all you need to get started. For viral markers it is better to use the K3 additive. Phlebotomy Technology PBT-100 This course provides instruction in the skills needed for the proper collection of blood and other specimens used for diagnostic testing. Description Phlebotomy is performed by a nurse or a technician known as a phlebotomist. Depending on the employer, a phlebotomist and other laboratory personnel may be required to wear a certain color of scrubs for easier identification purposes. When beginning your Phlebotomy training, it is crucial to familiarize yourself with the wide range of equipment you may use on a day-to-day basis. Once the site is chosen the phlebotomist will open the alcohol wipe and apply it to the site to prevent potential contamination. When obtaining a patient’s blood, it is significant to draw in the correct order of draw. var zf_ifrm_ht_nw = ( parseInt(zf_ifrm_data[1], 10) + 15 ) + "px"; Today, phlebotomy in Western culture is used for medical testing and to treat only a few specific blood diseases. When the test results are off, the patient is in danger of a false diagnosis or treatment options. (2019, January 25). An interesting fact about the lavender tube is that it can also be used for blood donor screening like the pink topped tube. For this reason, the phlebotomist should keep extra tubes within reach so that the procedure can continue. “To assure proper ratio of EDTA to blood, it is recommended that the tubes contain no less than one-half of the stated volume.” (Department of Pathology, 2019). Access to technology: The program mixes classroom instruction and hands-on learning to give students the knowledge and skills necessary to succeed in a Phlebotomy Technician career. “Tubes are drawn in a specific order to avoid the possibility of erroneous test results caused by carryover of an additive.” (Mohammed, S., 2013). In case you're wondering, venipuncture is what a phlebotomist does - draws blood, normally from your arm with a needle and that chubby rubber band. The K2 and K3 represent the form of potassium in the tube. Employment of phlebotomists is projected to grow 23 percent from 2018 to 2028, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. var zf_ifrm_data ="|"); At times, a tube will malfunction requiring the phlebotomist to reach for another one to complete the blood collection. Phlebotomy is also used to remove blood from the body during blood donation and for analysis of the substances contained within it."90%"; “The EDTA can be ordered as K2 (spray-dried potassium) attached to EDTA or K3 (liquid potassium) attached to EDTA.” (Garza, D., 2015). Most tubes have special considerations which are actions that need to be taken for that specimen and additive. 1298 words (5 pages) Nursing Essay. Proper labeling procedures and completion of laboratory requisitions. It is important to know this order because patients will need a specific amount of tubes drawn, per the doctors orders, and the phlebotomist needs to order them correctly. Some other tests used with this tube are molecular diagnostic testing, immunology, and hemoglobin A1-C. The phlebotomist must know the additives, the tests that tube is used for, any special considerations that tube may have, the volume of blood that needs to be in the tube, how many inversions the tube needs to properly mix the blood and additives, and where in the order of draw the tube needs to be. Skills gained in this course will allow you to describe the anatomy and physiology of the veins used for phlebotomy; explain the preparation processes for the phlebotomy procedure; describe client considerations; ensure patient safety; and ensure proper collection labeling, documentation, handling, and transportation of samples. For the trained phlebotomist, using the appropriate phlebotomy equipment is an essential part of a successful venipuncture. Organize or clean blood-drawing trays, ensuring that all instruments are sterile and all needles, syringes, or related items are of first-time use. To export a reference to this article please select a referencing stye below: If you are the original writer of this essay and no longer wish to have your work published on the website then please: Our academic writing and marking services can help you! Gloves are necessary to help prevent the transfer of blood pathogens from the patient to the phlebotomist. A tourniquet is another common laboratory tool used by phlebotomists. The technology, PIVO (Velano Vascular, San Francisco, California), is a needle-free blood collection device that attaches to a PIV and is used as an alternative to venipunctures on patients with peripheral lines.
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